Studien

Liebe Besucher,

anbei stellen wir Euch eine Liste diverser aktueller wissenschaftlicher Veröffentlichungen und Studien zum Thema E-Liquids und E-Zigaretten zur Verfügung.


1 West R, Shahab L, and Brown J (2016): Estimating the population impact of e-cigarettes on smoking cessation in England. Addiction 111: DOI: 10.1111/add.13343.


2 McRobbie H, Bullen C, Hartmann-Boyce J, and Hajek P (2014): Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation and reduction. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD010216. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010216.pub2


3 Brown J, Beard E, Kotz D, Michie S, and West R (2014): Real?world effectiveness of e?cigarettes when used to aid smoking cessation: A cross?sectional population study. Addiction 109(9), 1531-40. DOI: 10.1111/add.12623.


4 I.G. Gillmana, K.A. Kistlerb, E.W. Stewarta, A.R. Paolantonioa (2015): Effect of variable power levels on the yield of total aerosol mass and formation of aldehydes in e-cigarette aerosols. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharamcology 75 (2016), 58-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2015.12.019


5 Farsalinos, K., Cibella, F., Caponnetto, P. et al. Intern Emerg Med (2016): Effect of continuous smoking reduction and abstinence on blood pressure and heart rate in smokers switching to electronic cigarettes. 11: 85. doi:10.1007/s11739-015-1361-y


6 Caponnetto P, Russo C, Bruno CM et al (2013): Electronic cigarette: a possible substitute for cigarette dependence. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 79(1):12–19


7 Farsalinos KE, Romagna G, Tsiapras D et al (2014): Characteristics, perceived side effects and benefits of electronic cigarette use: a worldwide survey of more than 19,000 consumers. Int J Environ Res Public Health 11(4):4356–4373


8 Farsalinos KE, Romagna G, Tsiapras D et al (2013): Evaluating nicotine levels selection and patterns of electronic cigarette use in a group of “vapers” who had achieved complete substitution of smoking. Subst Abuse 7:139–146


9 Farsalinos KE, Polosa R (2014): Safety evaluation and risk assessment of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarettes substitutes: a systematic review. Ther Adv Drug Saf 5:67–86


10 Bullen C, Howe C, Laugesen M et al (2013): Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 382(9905):1629–1637


11 Caponnetto P, Campagna D, Cibella F et al (2013): EffiCiency and Safety of an eLectronic cigAreTte (ECLAT) as tobacco cigarettes substitute: a prospective 12-month randomized control design study. PLoS One 8(6):e66317


12 Bolliger CT, Zellweger JP, Danielsson T et al (2000): Smoking reduction with oral nicotine inhalers: double blind, randomised clinical trial of efficacy and safety. BMJ 321(7257):329–333


13 Polosa R, Rodu B, Caponnetto P et al (2013): A fresh look at tobacco harm reduction: the case for the electronic cigarette. Harm Reduct J 10. doi:10.1186/1477-7517-10-19


14 Panitz, D., Swamy, H. & Nehrke, K. BMC Pharmacol Toxicol (2015): C. elegans model of electronic cigarette use: Physiological effects of e-liquids in nematodes


15 Sharon Cox, Leon Ko?mider, Hayden McRobbie, Maciej Goniewicz (2016): E-cigarette puffing patterns associated with high and low nicotine e-liquid strength: effects on toxicant and carcinogen exposure


16 Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) (2016). Ash fact sheet: Use of electronic cigarettes (vapourisers) among adults in Great Britain. 2016.


17 Goniewicz ML, Knysak J, Gawron M, Kosminder L, Sobczak A, Kurek J, et al. (2014): Levels of selected carcinogens and toxicants in vapour from electronic cigarettes. Tob Control. 2014;23(2):133–9.


18 Dawkins, Lynne E., et al. (2016): “Self-titration by experienced e-cigarette users: blood nicotine delivery and subjective effects.” Psychopharmacology. 2016;233:1–9.


19 Kosmider L, Sobczak A, Fik M, Knysak J, Zaciera M, Kurek J, Goniewicz ML. (2014): Carbonyl Compounds in Electronic Cigarette Vapors: Effects of Nicotine Solvent and Battery Output Voltage. Nic Tob Res. 2014;16(10):1319–26. 16.


20 Farsalinos K E, Voudris V, Poulas K. (2015): E?cigarettes generate high levels of aldehydes only in ‘dry puff’conditions. Addiction. 2015;110(8):1352–6.


21 Farsalinos KE, Kistler KA, Gillman G, Voudris V. (2015): Evaluation of electronic cigarette liquids and aerosol for the presence of selected inhalation toxins. Nic Tob Res. 2015;17(2):168–74.


22 Jensen RP, Luo W, Pankow JF, Strongin RM, Peyton DH.(2015: Hidden formaldehyde in e-cigarette aerosols. NEJM. 2015;372(4):392–4.


23 Schripp T, Markewitz D, Uhde E, Salthammer T. (2013): Does e?cigarette consumption cause passive vaping? Indoor Air. 2013;23(1):25–31.


24 Dawkins L, Kimber C, Puwanesarasa Y, Soar K. (2015): First?versus second?generation electronic cigarettes: predictors of choice and effects on urge to smoke and withdrawal symptoms. Addiction. 2015;110(4):669–77.


25 Dawkins L, Corcoran O. (2014): Acute electronic cigarette use: nicotine delivery and subjective effects in regular users. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2014;231(2):401–7.


26 Talih S, Balhas Z, Eissenberg T, Salman R, Karaoghlanian N, El Hellani A, Baalbaki R, Saliba N, Shihadeh A.(2015): Effects of user puff topography, device voltage, and liquid nicotine concentration on electronic cigarette nicotine yield: measurements and model predictions. Nic Tob Res. 2015;17(2):150–7.


27 Robinson RJ, Hensel EC, Morabito PN, Roundtree KA. (2015): Electronic Cigarette Topography in the Natural Environment. PLoS One. 2015;10(6):1–14.


28 Miura K, Kikukawa Y, Nakao T. (2011): Safety assessment of electronic cigarettes in smokers. SEIKATSU EISEI (Journal of Urban Living and Health Association). 2011, 55 (1): 59-64.


29 Trehy M, Ye W, Hadwiger M, Moore T, Allgire JF (2011): Analysis of electronic cigarette cartridges, refill solutions and smoke for nicotine and nicotine related impurities. Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies. 2011, 34: 1442-1458.


30 Laugesen M. (2009): Ruyan e-cigarette bench-top tests. 2009, Dublin: Poster: Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco


31 US Food and Drug Administration (2009): FDA News Release, FDA and Public Health Experts Warn About Electronic Cigarettes. 2009


32 Chen IL. (2013): FDA summary of adverse events on electronic cigarettes. Nicotine Tob Res. 2013, 15 (2): 615-616.


33 Etter J-F, Zäther E, Svensson S. (2013): Analysis of refill liquids for electronic cigarettes. Addiction. 2013, online first – doi:10.1111/add.12235


34 Etter JF, Bullen C. (2011): Electronic cigarette: users profile, utilization, satisfaction and perceived efficacy. Addiction. 2011, doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03505.x.


35 Bullen C, Howe C, Laugesen M, McRobbie H, Parag V, Williman J, Walker N. (2013): Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation: a randomised controlled trial, in press. Published online. Lancet. 2013, September 7, 2013.


36 Polosa R, Morjaria JB, Caponnetto P. (2013): Effectiveness and tolerability of electronic cigarette in real-life: a 24-month prospective observational study. Intern Emerg Med. 2013, in press


37 Detroit Free Press (2011): Harvard Medical School Adviser: Are e-cigarettes a safe alternative? (2011)


38 Electronic nicotine delivery systems: adult use and awareness of the ‚e-cigarette’ in the USA


39 Foulds J, Veldheer S. (2011): Commentary on Etter & Bullen (2011): Could E-cigs become the ultimate nicotine maintenance device?. Addiction. 2011, 106: 2029-2030.


40 Current and Future Trends in Electronic Cigarette Use. Int J Psychiatry Med (2014) 48 (4): 325-332


41 Polosa, R., Rodu, B, Caponnetto, P., Magila, M., Raciti, C. (2013): A fresh look at tobacco harm reduction: the case for the electronic cigarette. Harm Reduction Journal, 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7517-10-19.


42 Pepper, J., Brewer, N. (2014): Electronic nicotine delivery system (electronic cigarette) awareness, use, reactions and beliefs: a systematic review. Tobacco Control (2014) 23 (5): 375-384


43 Paul Truman Harrell, PhD, Vani Nath Simmons, PhD, John Bernard Correa1, Tapan Ashvin Padhya, MD, and Thomas Henry Brandon, PhD (2014): Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems („E-cigarettes“): Review of Safety and Smoking Cessation Efficacy, Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg (2014) 151 (3): 381-393. DOI: 10.1177/0194599814536847


44 Silvano Gallus ScD, Alessandra Lugo ScD, Roberta Pacifici ScD, Simona Pichini PhD, Paolo Colombo ScD, Silvio Garattini MD, Carlo La Vecchia, MD (2014):
E-Cigarette Awareness, Use, and Harm Perception in Italy: A National Representative Survey
Nicotine and Tobacco Research (2014), doi:10.1093/ntr/ntu124


45 Adkison, S. E., O’Connor, R. J., Bansal-Travers, M., Hyland, A., Borland, R., Yong, H. H., … Fong, G. T. (2013): Electronic nicotine delivery systems: International tobacco control four-country survey. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 44, 207–215. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2012.10.018


46 Benowitz, N. L., & Goniewicz, M. L. (2013): The regulatory challenge of electronic cigarettes. Journal of the American Medical Association, 310, 685–686. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.109501


47 Bullen, C., Howe, C., Laugesen, M., McRobbie, H., Parag, V., Williman, J., & Walker, N. (2013): Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation: A randomised controlled trial. Lancet, 382, 1629–1637. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61842-5


48 Cameron, J. M., Howell, D. N., White, J. R., Andrenyak, D. M., Layton, M. E., & Roll, J. M. (2013): Variable and potentially fatal amounts of nicotine in e-cigarette nicotine solutions. Tobacco Control. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2012-050604


49 Caponnetto, P., Campagna, D., Cibella, F., Morjaria, J. B., Caruso, M., Russo, C., & Polosa, R. (2013): EffiCiency and Safety of an eLectronic cigAreTte (ECLAT) as tobacco cigarettes substitute: A prospective 12-month randomized control design study. PLoS One, 8, e66317. doi:10.1371/journal. pone.0066317


50 Chapman, S. (2013): Should electronic cigarettes be as freely available as tobacco cigarettes? No. British Medical Journal, 346, f3840. doi:10.1136/bmj.f3840


51 Chen, I. L. (2013): FDA summary of adverse events on electronic cigarettes. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 15, 615– 616. doi:10.1093/ntr/nts145


52 Dawkins, L., Turner, J., Roberts, A., & Soar, K. (2013): ‘Vaping’ profiles and preferences: An online survey of electronic cigarette users. Addiction, 108, 1115–1125. doi:10.1111/add.12150


53 Dockrell, M., Morrison, R., Bauld, L., & McNeill, A. (2013): E-Cigarettes: Prevalence and attitudes in Great Britain. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 15, 1737–1744. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntt057


54 Etter, J. F. (2013): Should electronic cigarettes be as freely available as tobacco? Yes. British Medical Journal, 346, f3845. doi:10.1136/bmj.f3845


55 Goniewicz, M. L., Knysak, J., Gawron, M., Kosmider, L., Sobczak, A., Kurek, J., … Benowitz, N. (2013): Levels of selected carcinogens and toxicants in vapour from electronic cigarettes. Tobacco Control, 23, 133–139. doi:10.1136/ tobaccocontrol-2012–050859


56 Goniewicz, M. L., Kuma, T., Gawron, M., Knysak, J., & Kosmider, L. (2013): Nicotine levels in electronic cigarettes. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 15, 158–166. doi:10.1093/ ntr/nts103


57 Grana, R. A., Popova, L., & Ling, P. M. (2014): A longitudinal analysis of electronic cigarette use and smoking cessation. JAMA Internal Medicine, 174, 812–813. doi:10.1001/ jamainternmed.2014.187


58 Hampton, T. (2014): Experts call for research plus regulation of e-cigarettes. Journal of the American Medical Association, 311, 123–124. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.285292


59 King, B. A., Alam, S., Promoff, G., Arrazola, R., & Dube, S. R. (2013): Awareness and ever use of electronic cigarettes among U.S. adults, 2010–2011. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 15, 1623–1627. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntt013


60 Sugerman, D. T. (2014): JAMA patient page. e-Cigarettes. Journal of the American Medical Association, 311, 212. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.279164


61 Sutfin, E. L., McCoy, T. P., Morrell, H. E., Hoeppner, B. B., & Wolfson, M. (2013): Electronic cigarette use by college students. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 131, 214–221. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.05.001


62 Zhang, Y., Sumner, W., & Chen, D. R. (2013): In vitro particle size distributions in electronic and conventional cigarette aerosols suggest comparable deposition patterns. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 15, 501–508. doi:10.1093/ntr/ nts165


63 Vickerman, K. A., Carpenter, K. M., Altman, T., Nash, C. M., & Zbikowski, S. M. (2013): Use of electronic cigarettes among state tobacco cessation quitline callers. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 15, 1787–1791. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntt061


64 Rachel Grana, PhD, MPH; Neal Benowitz, MD; Stanton A. Glantz, PhD (2014): E-Cigarettes: A Scientific Review. Circulation (2014) 129 (19): 1972-1986


65 Grana R, Benowitz N, Glantz SA. (2014): Background paper on E-cigarettes (electronic nicotine delivery systems). Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, a WHO Collaborating Center on Tobacco Control. Prepared for World Health Organization Tobacco Free Initiative. December 2013. http://pvw.escholarship.org/uc/ item/13p2b72n. Accessed March 31, 2014


66 Grana RA, Ling PM. (2014): Smoking revolution? A content analysis of electronic cigarette retail websites. Am J Prev Med. 2014;46:395–403.


67 Adkison SE, O’Connor RJ, Bansal-Travers M, Hyland A, Borland R, Yong HH, Cummings KM, McNeill A, Thrasher JF, Hammond D, Fong GT. (2014): Electronic nicotine delivery systems: international tobacco control four-country survey. Am J Prev Med. 2013;44:207–215.


68 Regan AK, Promoff G, Dube SR, Arrazola R. (2013): Electronic nicotine delivery systems: adult use and awareness of the “e-cigarette” in the USA. Tob Control. 2013;22:19–23


69 Goniewicz ML, Knysak J, Gawron M, Kosmider L, Sobczak A, Kurek J, Prokopowicz A, Jablonska-Czapla M, Rosik-Dulewska C, Havel C. (2014): Levels of selected carcinogens and toxicants in vapour from electronic cigarettes. Tob Control. 2014;23:133–139.


70 Schober W, Szendrei K, Matzen W, Osiander-Fuchs H, Heitmann D, Schettgen T, Jorres RA, Fromme H. (2013): Use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) impairs indoor air quality and increases FeNO levels of e-cigarette consumers [published online ahead of print December 6, 2013]. Int J Hyg Environ Health. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2013.11.003. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2013.11.003. Accessed February 10, 2014.


71 Goniewicz ML, Kuma T, Gawron M, Knysak J, Kosmider L. (2013): Nicotine levels in electronic cigarettes. Nicotine Tob Res. 2013;15:158–166.


72 Tianrong Cheng: Chemical evaluation of electronic cigarettes. Tobacco Control (2014) 23 (suppl_2): ii11-ii17. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051482


73 Lim HH, Shin HS. (2013): Measurement of aldehydes in replacement liquids of electronic cigarettes by headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. B Kor Chem Soc 2013;34:2691–6.


74 Goniewicz ML, Knysak J, Gawron M, et al. (2014): Levels of selected carcinogens and toxicants in vapour from electronic cigarettes. Tob Control 2014;23:133–9.


75 Kirschner R, Gerona R, Jacobitz K. (2013): Nicotine content of liquid for electronic cigarettes. Clin Toxicol 2013;51:684.


76 Cameron JM, Howell DN, White JR, et al. (2014): Variable and potentially fatal amounts of nicotine in e-cigarette nicotine solutions. Tob Control 2014;23:77–8.


77 Etter J, Zather E, Svensson S. (2013): Analysis of re?ll liquids for electronic cigarettes. Addiction 2013;108:1671–9.


78 Farsalinos KE, Romagna G, Tsiapras D, et al. (2013): Evaluation of electronic cigarette use (vaping) topography and estimation of liquid consumption: implications for research protocol standards de?nition and for public health authorities’ regulation. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2013;10:2500–14.


79 Konstantinos E. Farsalinos and Riccardo Polosa (2014): Safety evaluation and risk assessment of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarette substitutes: a systematic review Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety (2014) 5 (2): 67-86


80 Nides, M., Leischow, S., Bhatter, M. and Simmons, M. (2014): Nicotine blood levels and short-term smoking reduction with an electronic nicotine delivery system. Am J Health Behav 38: 265–274


81 I.G. Gillman et al. (2016): Effect of varable power levels on the yield of total aerosol mass and formation of aldehydes in e-cigarette aerosols. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 75 (2016) 58-65.


82 Constantine I Vardavas, Filippos T Filippidis, Israel T Agaku (2013): Determinants and prevalence of e-cigarette use throughout the European Union: a secondary analysis of 26?566 youth and adults from 27 Countries. Tob Control 2015;24:5 442-448 Published Online First: 16 June 2014 doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051394


83 Irish Cancer Society (2014): Position Paper on Electronic Cigarettes.


84 Farsalinos KE, Polosa R. (2014): Safety evaluation and risk assessment of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarette substitutes: a systematic review.Ther Adv Drug Saf. 2014 Apr;5(2):67-86. doi: 10.1177/2042098614524430. Review.


85 Farsalinos KE, Voudris V, Poulas K. (2015):: Are metals emitted from electronic cigarettes a reason for health concern? A risk-assessment analysis of currently available literature.Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 May 15;12(5):5215-32. doi: 10.3390/ijerph120505215.


86 Farsalinos KE, Spyrou A, Tsimopoulou K, Stefopoulos C, Romagna G, Voudris V. (2014): Nicotine absorption from electronic cigarette use: comparison between first and new-generation devices. Sci Rep. 2014 Feb 26;4:4133. doi: 10.1038/srep04133.


87 Farsalinos KE, Le Houezec J. (2015): Regulation in the face of uncertainty: the evidence on electronic nicotine delivery systems (e-cigarettes). Risk Manag Healthc Policy. 2015 Sep 29;8:157-67. doi: 10.2147/RMHP.S62116. eCollection 2015. Review.


88 Farsalinos KE, Romagna G, Tsiapras D, Kyrzopoulos S, Voudris V. (2014): Characteristics, perceived side effects and benefits of electronic cigarette use: a worldwide survey of more than 19,000 consumers. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2014 Apr 22;11(4):4356-73. doi: 10.3390/ijerph110404356.


89 Farsalinos KE, Romagna G, Tsiapras D, Kyrzopoulos S, Spyrou A, Voudris V.. (2013): Impact of flavour variability on electronic cigarette use experience: an internet survey.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013 Dec 17;10(12):7272-82. doi: 10.3390/ijerph10127272.


90 Farsalinos KE, Poulas K, Voudris V, Le Houezec J. (2016): Electronic cigarette use in the European Union: analysis of a representative sample of 27?460 Europeans from 28 countries. Addiction. 2016 Nov;111(11):2032-2040. doi: 10.1111/add.13506.


91 Moysidou A, Farsalinos KE, Voudris V, Merakou K, Kourea K, Barbouni A. (2016): Knowledge and Perceptions about Nicotine, Nicotine Replacement Therapies and Electronic Cigarettes among Healthcare Professionals in Greece. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 May 20;13(5). pii: E514. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13050514.


92 Farsalinos KE, Gillman G, Poulas K, Voudris V. (2015): Tobacco-Specific Nitrosamines in Electronic Cigarettes: Comparison between Liquid and Aerosol Levels.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 Jul 31;12(8):9046-53. doi: 10.3390/ijerph120809046.


93 Protocol proposal for, and evaluation of, consistency in nicotine delivery from the liquid to the aerosol of electronic cigarettes atomizers: regulatory implications.
Farsalinos KE, Yannovits N, Sarri T, Voudris V, Poulas K.
Addiction. 2016 Jun;111(6):1069-76. doi: 10.1111/add.13299. Epub 2016 Mar 21.


94 Kassim S, Farsalinos KE. (2016): E-Cigarette as a Harm Reduction Approach among Tobacco Smoking Khat Chewers: A Promising Bullet of Multiple Gains.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Feb 19;13(2):240. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13020240.


95 Farsalinos KE, Romagna G, Tsiapras D, Kyrzopoulos S, Voudris V. (2013): Evaluating nicotine levels selection and patterns of electronic cigarette use in a group of „vapers“ who had achieved complete substitution of smoking.
Subst Abuse. 2013 Sep 3;7:139-46. doi: 10.4137/SART.S12756. eCollection 2013.


96 Farsalinos KE, Spyrou A, Stefopoulos C, Tsimopoulou K, Kourkoveli P, Tsiapras D, Kyrzopoulos S, Poulas K, Voudris V. (2015): Nicotine absorption from electronic cigarette use: comparison between experienced consumers (vapers) and naïve users (smokers). Sci Rep. 2015 Jun 17;5:11269. doi: 10.1038/srep11269.


97 Varlet V, Farsalinos K, Augsburger M, Thomas A, Etter JF (2015): Toxicity assessment of refill liquids for electronic cigarettes. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 Apr 30;12(5):4796-815. doi: 10.3390/ijerph120504796.


98 Farsalinos KE, Gillman IG, Melvin MS, Paolantonio AR, Gardow WJ, Humphries KE, Brown SE, Poulas K, Voudris V. (2015): Nicotine levels and presence of selected tobacco-derived toxins in tobacco flavoured electronic cigarette refill liquids. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 Mar 24;12(4):3439-52. doi: 10.3390/ijerph120403439.


99 Farsalinos KE, Kistler KA, Gillman G, Voudris V. (2015): Why We Consider the NIOSH-Proposed Safety Limits for Diacetyl and Acetyl Propionyl Appropriate in the Risk Assessment of Electronic Cigarette Liquid Use: A Response to Hubbs et al. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015 Oct;17(10):1290-1. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntv005. Epub 2015 Jan 12. No abstract available.


100 Farsalinos KE, Kistler KA, Gillman G, Voudris V. (2014): Evaluation of electronic cigarette liquids and aerosol for the presence of selected inhalation toxins. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015 Feb;17(2):168-74. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntu176. Epub 2014 Sep 1.


101 Farsalinos KE. (2015): E-cigarettes need to be tested for safety under realistic conditions. Bates CD, Addiction. 2015 Oct;110(10):1688-9. doi: 10.1111/add.13028. No abstract available.


102 Farsalinos KE, Romagna G, Le Houezec J. (2014): Comment on „E-cigarettes and cardiovascular risk: beyond science and mysticism“. Semin Thromb Hemost. 2014 Jun;40(4):517-8. doi: 10.1055/s-0034-1375702. Epub 2014 May 6.


103 Farsalinos KE, Voudris V, Le Houezec J. (2015): Risks of attempting to regulate nicotine flux in electronic cigarettes. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015 Feb;17(2):163-4. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntu207. Epub 2014 Oct 19.


104 Romagna G, Allifranchini E, Bocchietto E, Todeschi S, Esposito M, Farsalinos KE. (2013): Cytotoxicity evaluation of electronic cigarette vapor extract on cultured mammalian fibroblasts (ClearStream-LIFE): comparison with tobacco cigarette smoke extract. Inhal Toxicol. 2013 May;25(6):354-61. doi: 10.3109/08958378.2013.793439.


105 Bates CD, Farsalinos KE. (2015): Research letter on e-cigarette cancer risk was so misleading it should be retracted. Addiction. 2015 Oct;110(10):1686-7. doi: 10.1111/add.13018.


106 McNeill A, Etter JF, Farsalinos K, Hajek P, le Houezec J, McRobbie H. (2014): A critique of a World Health Organization-commissioned report and associated paper on electronic cigarettes. Addiction. 2014 Dec;109(12):2128-34. doi: 10.1111/add.12730. Epub 2014 Oct 20.


107 Murray Laugesen,Health New Zealand Ltd (2008): Safety Report on the Ruyan® e-cigarette Cartridge and Inhaled Aerosol


108 Cara Valance & Mike Ellicott (2008): Analysis of Chemical Components from High, Med & Low Nicotine Cartridges Report Number: D318, 10 September 2008


109 Zachary CahnMichael Siegel (2011): Electronic cigarettes as a harm reduction strategy for tobacco control: A step forward or a repeat of past mistakes? Journal of Public Health Policy, February 2011, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 16–31. DOI: 10.1057/jphp.2010.41


110 Grana, Rachel, Benowitz, Neal, Glantz Stanton A. (2013): Bacground paper on E-Cigarettes (Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems). UC San Francisco: Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education.


111 Priscilla Callahan-Lyon (2014): Electronic cigarettes: human health effects. Tob Control 2014;23:ii36–ii40. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051470


112 Shu-Hong Zhu, Jessica Y Sun, Erika Bonnevie, Sharon E Cummins, Anthony Gamst, Lu Yin, Madeleine Lee (2014): Four hundred and sixty brands of e-cigarettes and counting: implications for product regulation. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051670


113 Hyoshin Kim, Juyun Lim, Stephanie S Buehler, Marielle C Brinkman, Nathan M Johnson, Laura Wilson, Kandice S Cross, Pamela I Clark (2016): Role of sweet and other flavours in liking and disliking of electronic cigarettes. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053221


114 Mark D Litt et al. (2016): Cigarette smoking and electronic cigarette vaping patterns as a function of e-cigarette flavourings. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053223


115 Theodore L Wagener, Evan L Floyd, Irina Stepanov, Leslie M Driskill, Summer G Frank, Ellen Meier, Eleanor L Leavens, Alayna P Tackett, Neil Molina, Lurdes Queimado (2016): Have combustible cigarettes met their match? The nicotine delivery profiles and harmful constituent exposures of second-generation and third-generation electronic cigarette users. Tobacco Control Oct 2016, tobaccocontrol-2016-053041; DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053041


116 Filippos T Filippidis, Anthony A Laverty, Constantine I Vardavas (2016): Experimentation with e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation aid: a cross-sectional study in 28 European Union member states. BMJ Open Oct 2016, 6 (10) e012084; DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012084


117 Christine D Czoli, Geoffrey T Fong, Darren Mays, David Hammond (2016): How do consumers perceive differences in risk across nicotine products? A review of relative risk perceptions across smokeless tobacco, e-cigarettes, nicotine replacement therapy and combustible cigarettes
Tobacco Control Sep 2016, tobaccocontrol-2016-053060; DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053060


118 Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, Patrick Saliba, Jan Graffelman, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez (2016): Correlation between tobacco control policies, consumption of rolled tobacco and e-cigarettes, and intention to quit conventional tobacco, in Europe
Tobacco Control Feb 2016, tobaccocontrol-2015-052482; DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052482


119 Yue-Lin Zhuang, Sharon E Cummins, Jessica Y Sun, Shu-Hong Zhu (2016): Long-term e-cigarette use and smoking cessation: a longitudinal study with US population. Tobacco Control Oct 2016, 25 (Suppl 1) i90-i95; DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053096


120 Kar-Hai Chu, Jon-Patrick Allem, Tess Boley Cruz, Jennifer B Unger (2016): Vaping on Instagram: cloud chasing, hand checks and product placement Tobacco Control Sep 2016, tobaccocontrol-2016-053052; DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053052


121 Yuyan Shi, Sharon E Cummins, Shu-Hong Zhu (2016):
Use of electronic cigarettes in smoke-free environments
Tobacco Control Sep 2016, tobaccocontrol-2016-053118; DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053118


122 Rachel Z Behar, Wentai Luo, Sabrina C Lin, Yuhuan Wang, Jackelyn Valle, James F Pankow, Prue Talbot (2016): Distribution, quantification and toxicity of cinnamaldehyde in electronic cigarette refill fluids and aerosols. Tobacco Control Sep 2016, tobaccocontrol-2016-053224; DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053224

123 Noel J Leigh, Ralph I Lawton, Pamela A Hershberger, Maciej L Goniewicz (2016): Flavourings significantly affect inhalation toxicity of aerosol generated from electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). Tobacco Control Sep 2016, tobaccocontrol-2016-053205; DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053205


124 D C Petrescu, M Vasiljevic, J K Pepper, K M Ribisl, T M Marteau (2016): What is the impact of e-cigarette adverts on children’s perceptions of tobacco smoking? An experimental study . Tobacco Control Aug 2016, tobaccocontrol-2016-052940; DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-052940


125 Florence Berteletti, Jean King, Jennifer Burch, Anca Toma Friedlaender (2016): Campaign for a revised Tobacco Products Directive in the European Union: lessons learnt
Tobacco Control Jul 2016, tobaccocontrol-2016-053078; DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053078


126 Margarete C Kulik, Stanton A Glantz (2016): The smoking population in the USA and EU is softening not hardening. Tobacco Control Jul 2016, 25 (4) 470-475; DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052329


127 Filippos T Filippidis, Anthony A Laverty, Vasiliki Gerovasili, Constantine I Vardavas (2015): Two-year trends and predictors of e-cigarette use in 27 European Union member states.Tobacco Control Apr 2016, tobaccocontrol-2015-052771; DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052771


128 Peyton A Tierney, Clarissa D Karpinski, Jessica E Brown, Wentai Luo, James F Pankow (2014): : Flavour chemicals in electronic cigarette fluids.Tobacco Control Apr 2016, 25 (e1) e10-e15; DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-052175


129 Federico Buonocore, Ana C N Marques Gomes, Shereen Nabhani-Gebara, Stephen J Barton, Gianpiero Calabrese (2015): Labelling of electronic cigarettes: regulations and current practice. Tobacco Control Jan 2016, tobaccocontrol-2015-052683; DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052683


130 Irina Stepanov, Naomi Fujioka (2015):
Bringing attention to e-cigarette pH as an important element for research and regulation
Tobacco Control Jul 2015, 24 (4) 413-414; DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051540


Translate »